Mikhail, Alan, Under Osman’s Tree: The Ottoman Empire, Egypt, and Environmental History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


Mikhail, Alan, The Animal in Ottoman Egypt. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ayalon, Yaron, Natural Disasters in the Ottoman Empire: Plague, Famine, and Other Misfortunes. CambridgeCambridge University Press.


Mikhail, Alan, ed., Water on Sand: Environmental Histories of the Middle East and North Africa. New York: Oxford University Press.


Mikhail, Alan, Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt: An Environmental History. Studies in Environment and History.  New York: Cambridge University Press.




İnal, Onur, “Ottoman and Turkish Environmental History: An Overview of the Field.” Environment and History 24, no.2 (May 2018): 297-99.

İnal, Onur, “Fruits of Empire: Figs, Raisins, and Transformation of Western Anatolia in the Late Nineteenth Century,” Environment and History


Gratien, Chris, “”The Ottoman Quagmire: Malaria, Swamps, and Settlement in the Late Ottoman Mediterranean,” International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 49, no.4 (November 2017): 583-604.

Dursun, Selçuk, “The History of Environmental Movements and the Development of Environmental Thought in Turkey, 1850-1980.” In Hrvoje Petrić and Ivana Žebec Šilj (eds.), Environmentalism in Central and Southeastern Europe: Historical Perspectives (Lanham, Boulder: Lexington Books, 2017): 111-131.


Mikhail, Alan, “The Nile and Food in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire.”  In Water and Food: From Hunter-Gatherers to Global Production in Africa, edited by Terje Tvedt and Terje Oestigaard.  Vol. 3 of Series III of A History of Water.  London: I.B. Tauris.

Cole, Camille, “Precarious Empires: A Social and Environmental History of Steam Navigation on the Tigris.” Journal of Social History 50 (2016): 74-101.


Mikhail, Alan, “Ottoman Iceland: A Climate History.” Environmental History 20 (2015): 262-84.

Kolovos, Elias and Phokion Kotzageorgis, “Halkidiki in the Early Modern Period: Towards an Environmental History”, in Basil Gounaris (ed.), Mines, Olives and Monasteries (Thessaloniki 2015), 123-62.

Kolovos, Elias, “Mines and the Environment in Halkidiki: A Story from the Ottoman Past.” Balkan Studies 10 (2015): 71-94.


Mikhail, Alan, “Labor and Environment in Egypt since 1500.” International Labor and Working-Class History 85 (2014): 10-32.

Dursun, Selçuk. “Çevresel (ekolojik) Tarih Lensinden Osmanlı Tarihine Yeniden Bakmak.” In New Trends in Ottoman Studies: Papers presented at the 20 th CIÉPO Symposium, Rethymno, 27 June – 1 July 2012, edited by Marinos Sarıyannis (Rethymno: University of Crete, 2014), 56-69.


Mikhail, Alan, “Unleashing the Beast: Animals, Energy, and the Economy of Labor in Ottoman Egypt.” American Historical Review 118 (2013): 317-48.

Mikhail, Alan, “Anatolian Timber and Egyptian Grain: Things that Made the Ottoman Empire.”  In Early Modern Things: Objects and Their Histories, 1500-1800, edited by Paula Findlen. New York: Routledge, 2013.

Mikhail, Alan, “Middle East Environmental History: The Fallow between Two Fields.” In Water on Sand: Environmental Histories of the Middle East and North Africa, edited by Alan Mikhail. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Mikhail, Alan, “Plague and Environment in Late Ottoman Egypt.” In Water on Sand: Environmental Histories of the Middle East and North Africa, edited by Alan Mikhail. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.


Mikhail, Alan, “The Middle East in Global Environmental History.”  In A Companion to Global Environmental History, edited by J.R. McNeill and Erin Stewart Mauldin.  Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.


Mikhail, Alan, “Global Implications of the Middle Eastern Environment.” History Compass 9 (2011): 952-70.

Mikhail, Alan, “From the Bottom Up: The Nile, Silt, and Humans in Ottoman Egypt.” In Environmental Imaginaries of the Middle East and North Africa, edited by Diana K. Davis and Edmund Burke III.  Athens: Ohio University Press, 2011.

İnal, Onur, “Environmental History as an Emerging Field in Ottoman Studies: An Historiographical Overview.” The Journal of Ottoman Studies 38 (2011): 1-25.


Mikhail, Alan, “An Irrigated Empire: The View from Ottoman Fayyum.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 42 (2010): 569-90.

Mikhail, Alan, “Animals as Property in Early Modern Ottoman Egypt.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 53 (2010): 621-52.



Dolbee, Sam, “The Locust and the Starling: People, Insects, and Disease in the Ottoman Jazira and After, 1860-1940” (New York University)


İnal, Onur, “A Port and Its Hinterland: An Environmental History of Izmir in the Late-Ottoman Period” (The University of Arizona)